University : Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati
Entrance Exam : SVURESET SVU Research Entrance Test
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SVU SVURESET Syllabus
Environmental Science Syllabus
UNIT – I :
Environmental Ecology : Population and community ecology – Population dynamics – Population growth – Control – Eco-balance – Ecosystem – Components – Structure – Types – Functions – Interrelationship of different ecosystems – Food chain – Food web – Productivity – Energy flow in the ecosystem. Environmental Toxicology : Types of Toxicology – Hazards – Risk Benefits – Pesticide Toxicology – Industrial Toxicology and Risk Assessment – Environmental Epidemiology – Community Environment and Health Hazards – Public health programs – Objectives and Scope – Urban and rural Health – Sanitation – Malarial Control Measures – HIV/AIDS.
UNIT – II :
Environmental Chemistry : Atmospheric Chemistry – Global warming – Greenhouse effect – Ozone depletion – Acid rain – Corrosion mechanism – Prevention – Particles in Atmosphere – Toxic chemicals in the environment – Biochemical aspects of As, Cd, Pb, Hg, CO, O3, PAN, Pesticides, MIC and carcinogens in air – Soil Chemistry – Micro and macronutrients – Inorganic and organic contaminants in the soil – Water Chemistry – Water pollutants – Types – Sources. Environmental Pollution : Air pollution – Water pollution – Soil pollution – Marine pollution – Noise pollution – Radioactive pollution – Thermal pollution.
UNIT – III :
Energy Management : Energy Sources – Conventional and Non-conventional energy sources – Firewood, Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas – Solar energy – Collection and Storage – Solar Pond – Photovoltaic systems – Wind energy – Geothermal energy – Tidal energy – Biogas – Nuclear energy – Fission and fusion power. Waste treatment and Management: Water treatment – Methods of purification – Effluent treatment methods – Rain water harvesting – Sewage treatment and disposal – Solid waste – Disposal methods – Biomedical waste management – Management of hazardous waste and radioactive waste – Recycling of waste for industrial, agricultural and domestic purposes.
UNIT – IV :
Biodiversity Management and Natural Resources conservation : Biodiversity – Patterns of species diversity – Biodiversity of tropical and temperate regions – Hot Spots of the world – Management of biodiversity – Ex-situ and In-situ conservation – Community Biodiversity – Registers and their importance – Conservation of natural resources – Forest resources, Wildlife, Land and soil resources, water resources, mineral resources. Environmental Impact Assessment : Purpose of assessment – Assessment methodologies – Eco-planning – Environmental audit – Goals – Audit principles – Benefits to Industry.
UNIT – V :
Instrumental Techniques : Basic principles of colorimetry, spectrophotometry and fluorimetry – Atomic emission and atomic absorption – AAS – ICPES – Chromatography – Paper chromatography – HPLC, Gas chromatography – Isotope dilution – Neutron Activation Analysis – Polorography and Cyclic Voltametry. Remote Sensing and GIS : Remote sensing – Basis concepts – Interpretation of aerial photographs – Earth resource satellites – Sensors and scanners – Digital image processing – Techniques of image enhancement – Application of GIS for infrastructure, ground water, land use planning and watershed management.
Physical Education Syllabus
UNIT-I: RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS
Meaning, Need and Scope of Research in Physical Education, Types of Research:(Basic, applied and action research), Criteria for selecting the research problem. Library sources, Methods of reviewing literature Statistical Process: Measures of central tendency – mean – median – mode- definition, meaning and applications to Physical Education. Measures of variability – quartile deviation, standard deviation, and percentiles. Analysis: Correlation – Pearson’s product moment correlation. Application of Correlation techniques to variable in Physical Education. Graphical Representation: Bar and Pie diagrams, Histograms, Pictogram. T- Test.
UNIT – II : SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY
Definition, Meaning and scope of Sport Psychology, Development of Sport Psychology, Relationship of Sport/Psychology with other sports sciences. Importance of Sport Psychology for Physical Education teachers and coaches. Personality differences among various sports groups. Motivation. Types of motivation; Intrinsic, Extrinsic and achievement motivation. Motivation and performance relationship. Types of Anxiety: effect of anxiety on sports performance. Use of relaxation techniques. Yoga & Meditation. Aggression – types of aggression, theories of aggression, effect of aggression on sports performance. Psychological preparation and its importance. Pre, during and post competitive psychological situations. Socialization through play, games and sports. competition and co-operation in sports. Women and sports. Spectators and their effect on performance
UNIT – III: SPORT MANAGEMENT
Definition of management-scope of management in sports. Basic functions of management, planning, organising, staffing, directing, controlling. Objectives-programme -budget -procedures policy development. Planning sport facilities out door and indoor at University, college and school level.Organising a school/college sports programme. General factors in organising Sports Programmes. Importance of financial management in sports programme-methods of fund raising in sport programme. Planning the sports infrastructure and maintenance,.
UNIT-IV : TEST MEASUREMENT & EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
Meaning and Definitions of Test Measurement and Evaluation – Nature of Measurement & Evaluation – Need and Importance of Evaluation in Physical Education. Introduction, Meaning – Importance – General Evaluation Criteria – Establishing procedures of Validity, Reliability, Objectivity, Norms and Administrative procedures. Meaning of Physical Fitness and Motor Fitness – AAHPERD Youth fitness test – Oregon Motor fitness test – Indian Motor fitness test – JCR Motor fitness test. Cooper 12 minutes Run/Walk test – Hard ward step test – Rogers strength and Fitness test.
UNIT – V : SPORTS TRAINING, BIOMECHANICS
Definition and meaning of Sports Training, Teahcing and Coaching, Aims of Sports Training, Talent identification – Model of Sports Training, Principles of Sports Training, Qualities, Qualifications and Responsibilities of a good coach. Factors of load, judgment of load, Over load, Weight training, Circuit training, Interval training, Fartlek training, Plyometric training, Resistance training, Pressure training, High attitude Training . Training Cycles; Micro – Messo – Macro. Meaning of the term- Biomechanics, Need and importance of Biomechanics in sports. EQUILIBRIUM: Centre of Gravity and line of gravity, States and types of equilibrium, Factors that determine the degree of stability, Application of the Principles of equilibrium in sports and games. Motion – Velocity and acceleration in sports, types of Motion, (linear, rotary and curvilinear), Newton’s laws of motion and their application to games and sports. Force – Factors of force-magnitude of force, point of application of force, time and direction of application of force, Centripetal and centrifugal forces and their application in sports. Projectiles – Path of projectile,vertical and horizantal displacement, time and angle of projection. Common Sports Injuries: Causes of Sports Injuries. Precaution to reduce sports injuries