University : Maharana Pratap University Udaipur
Entrance Test : JET / Pre PG Test 2016 Joint Entrance Test
Facility : Syllabus
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Syllabus of JET : https://www.entrance.net.in/uploads/9633-JETSyllebus.pdf
Syllabus of Pre-PG: https://www.entrance.net.in/uploads/9633-PGSyllabus.pdf
Home Page : http://mpuat.ac.in/
MPUAT JET Syllabus
Four marks will be awarded for every correct answer and one mark will be deducted for every wrong answer (Negative marking).
Related : MPUAT JET/Pre-PG 2016 Instructions For Filling Online Application Form : www.entrance.net.in/9631.html
SECTION – I BOTANY :
UNIT – A
Unity of Life:
Structural organization of the cell. Electron Microscopic structure of cell. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Plant and animal cells. Cell organelles and their functions-nucleus (including DNA and RNA structure), mitochondria, chloroplast, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, lysosomes, microbodies, microfilaments, ribosomes, centriole, cell wall, cilia and flagella, vacuoles, cell inclusions-starch grains, mineral crystals. Cell division : amitosis, mitosis and meiosis. Comparison of mitosis and meiosis. Significance of meiosis, cell cycle.
Continuity of Life:
Mendel’s experiments with pea and the reasons for his success. Mendel’s laws of inheritance, Mono and dihybrid crosses. Chromosome structure and morphology, chromosomes and genes, chromosome hypothesis. Linkages and crossing over. Mutations. Sex determination, genetic code, transcription and translation.
(i) Plant water relation, semipermeable membranes, osmosis, diffusion, diffusion pressure deficit (DPD), water potential, plasmolysis. Transpiration-types, factors affecting rate of transpiration. Guttation. Absorption of water, root as organ for absorption. Active and passive absorption of water and minerals. (ii) Ascent of sap, path of ascent of sap, theories explaining ascent of sap (iii) Mineral nutrition-role of minerals in plant growth, macro and micro elements for plant growth, trace elements. (iv) Enzymes-introduction, enzymes as bio-catalysts, nature, classification and mode of enzyme action. (v) Respiration-definition, comparison of respiration and fire.
Types of respiration-aerobic, anaerobic and fermentation processes. Respiratory substrate, respiratory quotient, respiration sites. Mechanism of aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Glycolysis, Kreb cycle and alcoholic fermentation, Electron transport chain and Oxidative phosphorylation. Energy yield (Kilo calories). Factors affecting respiration. (vi) Photosynthesis-definition, role of water, chlorophyll and carbon-di-oxide. Light and dark reactions, photophosphorylation, Hill reaction, Red drop, two pigment system, Calvin cycle, Photorespiration, chemosynthesis (brief account).
Factors affecting photosynthesis. (vii) Growth-definition, phases of growth, plant hormones (Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinin and ethylene) and growth regulation, action on various physiological processes. Factors affecting growth. (viii) Vernalization and Photoperiodism. (ix) Plant movements a brief account of various types of plant movements with suitable examples.
UNIT – B
Definition of ecology and environment. Environmental factors climatic, edaphic and biotic. Plant communities and their characteristics (Density, frequency and abundance), Plant adaptations in relation to water-xerophytes, mesophytes, hydrophytes etc. Interaction between environment and organism, Ecosystem concept, trophic levels producers, consumers, decomposers. Food chain and food web. Ecological pyramids, Environmental Pollution-air and water sources and major pollutants, their effects and methods of control of pollution including nuclear fallout and waste disposal. Noise pollution-sources and effects.
Natural resources and their conservation, waste land their improvement and forest conservation. Causes for the extinction of wild life. Conservation of wild life and concept of endangered species (Red data book). Indian examples.
Syllabus for PRE-PG TEST
The Question paper will be in English only.
The Question paper will consist of multiple choice objective type questions.
A – Faculty of Agriculture :
Agro-climatic zones of India and Rajasthan, adaptation and distribution of crops. Weather and climate. Basics of weather forecasting. Modern concepts of tillage. Management of crop residue, soil organic matter, bio fertilizers, green manuring, oil cakes, fertilizers. Consumption of straight and complex fertilizers, foliar application. Plant nutrients: occurrence, cycling in soils and their availability. INM concept and vermi-compositing. Cropping and farming systems.
concept and details. Organic farming: principles, objectives, certification, labelling and accreditation process. Water resources of India and Rajasthan. Methods of irrigation. Irrigation efficiencies. Water management in crops. Quality of irrigation water.
Agricultural drainage: methods. Dryland agriculture in India and Rajasthan. Concept, importance, objectives and benefits of watershed. Agronomy of important crops of kharif, rabi and zaid seasons of Rajasthan. Weed biology and ecology, crop-weed association. Problem of weeds in Rajasthan and their physical, cultural, biological and chemical control. Integrated weed management.Herbicide selectivity. Adjuvants.
2. Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry:
Soil erosion, conservation, essential nutrients, their functions, deficiency symptoms and their availability, soil fertility evaluation, nutrient recommendation. Manures and fertilizers. Formation and management of saline, saline sodic, sodic and acid soils. Micro-organisms in soils and their role. Soil as a medium for plant growth, soil composition, formation, profile, survey and classification. Remote sensing. Physical properties of soil, soil moisture, soil air and temperature in relation to plant growth. Clay minerals, organic and inorganic colloids, cation exchange phenomenon, soil reaction and buffering capacity. Soil structure, soil texture, rocks and minerals.
3. Biochemistry/ Biotechnology:
Chemistry of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and plant (phyto) hormones. Chemistry of Nucleic acids and their functions. Outlines of metabolism of carbohydrate, lipid and protein. General account of enzymes, coenzymes and secondary metaboliets. Brief out lines of plant tissue culture and plant biotechnology. Molecular markers and their application in Agriculture.
Animal kingdom- Classification and nomenclature. Economic importance of Arthropods, insects and mites in particular. Management of insect-pest and mites in agriculture. Ecosystem and wild life preservation. Insect dominance. Anatomy and morphology of grasshopper. Insect reproduction and development; identification. Lac culture, sericulture and apiculture. Physical, mechanical, cultural, chemical, biological, legal and other modern approaches of insect pest management.
5. Plant Pathology:
Importance of microbes and plant pathology in agriculture. Micro-organisms (Fungi & bateria) and their classification, nutrition, growth and reproduction. Host-pathogen relationship. Morphology, reproduction, nutrition and nomenclature of fungi. Classification of plant pathogenic fungi. Symptomatology. Disease development and methods of plant disease control of important crops (cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fruits, vegetables and cash crops). Integrated disease management and principles of plant disease control.
Introduction and brief history of plant parasitic nematodes, their morphological structure, biology, ecology and various physiological process. Symptomatology and nematode diseases with special reference to root-knot, reniform, citrus, ear cockle, tundu and molya and their management. Interaction of plant parasitic nematodes with other micro-organisms like fungi, bacteria and viruses, etc.
7. Plant Breeding and Genetics:
Variation – its causes and importance. Pollination and fertilization. Cell structure and division. Mendal and his work. Gene interactions. Multiple alleles and blood groups. Linkage, crossing over and mapping of chromosomes. Gene mutations, chromosomal aberrations, polyploidy and their role in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic and chromosomal inheritance. Sterility and incompatibility and their application in plant breeding. Heterosis and its exploitation for crop improvement. Germplasm conservationand and exploitation.
Breeding methods of self, cross and vegetatively propagated crops. Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses. Application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop improvement. Seed, its types and classes. Seed certification: principles and procedures. Minimum seed certification standerds. Seed production of important field crops.
Floriculture- History of ornamental gardening, garden styles, garden features and important commercial cut flowers and loose flowers cultivation. Uses of ornamental annuals, trees, shrubs and climbers. Vegetables- importance in human diet, type of farming and classification. Raising of seedling in nursery and portray. Cultivation of important vegetables. Pomology- Selection of site, preparation and layout of orchard, planting system. Principles of fruit production, propagation, cultivation of important fruits of Rajasthan. Methods of preparation of juices, squashes, jams, jellies and marmalades, preserves, squashes and pickles, canning and dehydration of fruits and vegetables. Seed spices production technology.
9. Plant Physiology:
Cell, physiological functions of cell organelles, plant water relations, photosynthesis and photorespiration. Respiration. Inorganic plant nutrition, physiology of flowering, Photoperiodism. Physiology of growth, PGRs and their role. Biosynthesis and physiological responce of PGRs. Seed development, germination and dormancy. Crop production in relation to stress.
10. Animal Husbandry:
Importance of Livestock and poultry in national economy. Cattle management and housing of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, poultry and camel. Prevention and control of common livestock diseases. Classification of feeding stuff and computation of balanced ration. Important breeds of farm animals and poultry. Methods and systems of breeding. Principles and methods of selection. Purchase of dairy animals. Infertility and sterility, their causes and prevention. Hatching, brooding and feeding management in poultry. Hay and silage making.