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Entrance Exam : SUNPET 2018 SUN Ph.D. Entrance Test
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Sandip University Ph.D Entrance Test Syllabus
Syllabus for the Entrance Examination for Admission to Ph.D., 2018 (SUN Ph.D. Entrance Test -SUNPET)
Related : Sandip University Nashik SUNPET 2018 SUN Ph.D Entrance Test : www.entrance.net.in/13325.html
Research Methodology (common to all discipline)
1. Introduction to Research :
Basics of Research and Methods, importance of scientific research, classifications of research, essential qualities of a researcher, Types of research – Quantitative vs. Qualitative, Descriptive vs. Analytical, use of tools/techniques for research
2. Experimental Research and Data Collection methods :
Data classification, Data Processing, Hypothesis-formulation, sampling techniques, Survey methods, Aspects of Experimental Research including purpose of the report, abstracts, introduction and results and discussion. Structure and components of scientific reports, types of report, developing successful research proposals.
3. Research Design :
Problem Identification & Formulation – Questions for investigation – Data, Measurements, Hypothesis – Qualities of a good Hypothesis –Null Hypothesis & Alternative Hypothesis. Hypothesis Testing – Logic & Importance.
4. Research ethics, IPR and scholarly publishing :
Environmental impacts, Ethical issues, ethical committees, Commercialization – Copy right, royalty – Intellectual property rights and patent law, Reproduction of published material, Plagiarism – Citation and acknowledgement, Reproducibility and accountability. Use of Internet in Research – E Journal, E Library, INFLIBNET.
1. SKINCARE COSMETICS :
Introduction, raw material, preformulation aspect, formulations ,properties, stability and evaluation of Moisturizers, Sunscreens, Men’s cosmetics, Colored make up preparations, Powders
2. HAIRCARE COSMETICS :
Introduction, raw material, preformulation aspect, formulations, properties, stability and evaluation of Hair oils, Hair tonics, Shampoo, Hair conditioners, hair dyes and hair colorants.
3. NATURAL COSMETICS AND NUTRACEUTICALS :
Introduction, Source, Chemical constituents, cosmetic uses, formulation and evaluation of Curcuma longa, Bacopa monnieri, Gymnema sylvestre, Asparagus racemosus, Boswellia serrata, Green coffee, Rose essential oil, Ylang Ylang essential Oil
4. STABILITY STUDIES OF COSMETICS :
Introduction, Freeze thaw cyclical test, Photostability test, Centrifugal separation method, vibration test, Drop test, Load test, Friction test .Stability problems related to Scale up processes.
5. GREEN CHEMISTRY :
Principles of green chemistry and its application in cosmetics. Silicone alternatives in haircare, Parabens alternative in Skincare.
6. NANOTECHNOLOGY :
Types of microencapsulation, Review of recent nanotechnologies used in cosmetic Science.
7. SKIN SENSITIZATION AND SENSITIVITY TESTING :
Patch test, Repeated insult patch test, Photopatch test, Draize eye irritation test
8. Review of recent patents in natural raw materials, Nanotechnology, Skincare, Haircare
9. Review of recent regulatory affairs in Cosmetics.
1. Biodiversity and Taxonomy: Identification, Nomenclature and classification. Taxonomic literature, Evolutionary trends and variations, ICN, phylogenetic classifications, species concepts, speciation, Biosystematics, Paleobotany. DNA finger printing, numerical taxonomy, Biodiversity, Magnitude and distribution of biodiversity, economic value, conservation strategies.
2. Biochemistry: Structures and Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acid, Enzymes, Enzyme kinetics.
3. Cell and Molecular Biology: Organization of plant cell and chloroplast, mitochondria, Golgi complex, Nucleus, Ribosome’s, ER, Cell wall, Cell membrane, vacuoles, cytoskeleton, Totipotency differentiation and cell death, cell cycle, apoptosis, , signal transduction in cells. Chromosome organization, DNA replication and repair, Chromatin organization, protein synthesis, transcriptional and translational regulation, Protein targeting.
4. Inheritance Biology: Mendelian genetics, concept of gene, Linkage and recombination, genetic mapping, extra chromosomal inheritance, chromosome banding, FISH and GISH, crossing over, recombination, 3 point test cross, tetrad analysis in Yeast and Neurospora.
5. Plant Breeding: Selection – Mass and Pure line selection, hybridization – Backcross and Test cross, Heterosis breeding, Mutation breeding, role of polyploidy in plant breeding, genetically engineered plants.
6. Plant Physiology: Water relations and membrane transport, photosynthesis and respiration, nitrogen metabolism, hormones, Stress physiology and tolerance mechanisms, strategies used for development of stress resistant / tolerant plants.
7. Development: Vegetative and reproductive development in plants, organization of plant structures, Regulation of plant development by intrinsic and extrinsic factors.
8. Ecology: Ecosystem- structure, types and functions, Ecological succession, habitat, biomes, Biomes, population ecology, plant interactions, phytogeography, endemism, RET species, IUCN categories, Ecological modelling Niche, evolution and co-evolution, Pollution ecology, Pollution indicator organisms, restoration ecology with reference to plants and microbes, Environmental Impact Assessment, Ecotoxicology, sewage treatment, carbon sequestration. National and International conventions and laws for protection and conservation of biological resources.
9. Plant Biotechnology: Plant tissue culture techniques, Micro-propagation, cell, tissue and organ culture, Elicitation and secondary metabolites production. Genetic Engineering, Gene libraries, DNA sequencing.
10. Bioprospecting: Ethno botany, types of Bioprospecting, Phytochemicals used in aroma, flavour and medicines, plant resources and natural products, Exploration of lower and higher plant for standardization of herbal medicines as per US-FDA.
11. Tools and Techniques: Microscopy, Microtomy, Chromatography, Electrophoresis, Centrifugation, Radioactive techniques, Spectroscopy, SEM and TEM.
12. Biostatistics and Bioinformatics: Experimental Design – Completely Randomized Block and Factorial Experimental Design. Analysis of variance, Populations and samples, Graphical representation of data, frequency distribution, central tendency and dispersion, Introduction to databases and retrieving information from databases, Molecular tools in protein and nucleotide sequence analysis.